“Those who are victorious plan effectively and change decisively. They are like a great river that maintains its course but adjusts its flow” -Sun Tzu
A powerful tool is having a clear plan in place before carrying out specific actions. The more test plans you develop, the more skilled you become at researching specifics and structuring phrases. A test plan describes how testing will be carried out for a certain level (such as system testing or user acceptability testing). A business-oriented readership can become confused by technical jargon, and technical readers will find the plan lacking if not given enough technical details. Perhaps the most important step in developing a strong test plan is to review it. Participants should be able to rely on the test plan to deliver accurate information. This is just another strong argument in favor of reviewing test plans, especially when stakeholders are involved.
Key attributes of the test plan should be:
- ORGANIZATION – The test plan benefits from beginning with a broad introduction before getting more specific in the body of the plan. Standards and good test plan templates aid in content organization. When referencing things in the test plan, numbered sections and sub-topics are helpful.
- CONCISENESS – Nowadays, people scan instead of reading. Use bullet points to help you keep your sentences brief and to the point.
- READABILITY – Use clear language that the majority of the audience can understand. If at all possible, avoid overusing acronyms.
- ADAPTIBILITY TO CHANGE – Make a change plan. Extreme degrees of detail in the plan will necessitate more frequent changes as project changes occur.
- ACCURACY – The test plan should provide reliable information that can be trusted by participants. If mistakes are found, they should be reported and fixed right away.
Your Test Plan should include the following:
- Research and analyze the software
- Design a test strategy
- Explain the objectives
- Outline test criteria
- Plan a test environment
- Create a schedule
- Identify deliverables
People may shy away from test planning because they are aware that any plans will probably change. The same applies to test plans. You shouldn’t let the possibility of modifications stop you from developing a test plan, though. The secret is to create a plan that is adaptable and resilient to all changes.
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